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Streamlining Your Practice With Regular Dental Handpiece Maintenance


Regular dental handpiece maintenance is an often-overlooked aspect of a well-run dental clinic. Investing in this aspect of your practice can have a positive impact on your reputation and bottom line. 


Helping people is what drives you to be in the dental profession. It’s the source of your inspiration, pushing you to give your best every day. 


Think of all the patients you’ve helped prevent or overcome conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis. Consider all the cosmetic services–like repairing a chipped tooth–you’ve provided, helping people feel better about their appearance. 


As cliché as it sounds, every member of a dental practice should take pride in what they do.  


However, the nitty gritty hard work that goes into running a successful dental practice is nowhere near as glamorous or romantic as anything we’ve discussed. Yet the most mundane processes can produce the most meaningful results if they are streamlined. 

For instance, an often-overlooked aspect of a well-operated dental clinic is staying on top of your regular dental handpiece maintenance. 


Is anybody going to write home about a well-maintained dental handpiece? Probably not. 

But prioritizing this facet of your practice can help yield results–both financially and reputationally–that’ll leave you feeling pretty heroic when all is said and done.


Scheduling Maintenance: An Overview


The key to streamlined dental maintenance is keeping up with best practices. 


You might already follow all the dental piece maintenance procedures discussed below. Still, verifying that you’re doing everything possible to get the most from your equipment is always beneficial. 


With those factors in mind, we’ll delve into the ins and outs of scheduled dental piece maintenance.


Benefits Of A Regular Maintenance Schedule


We’d guess that nearly 100% of dental professionals are conscious of taking care of their equipment. After all, they want the best results for their patients. 


Sadly, without a schedule, the human element of forgetfulness prevents some dental professionals from following the necessary protocols. 


Regularly-scheduled maintenance ensures you won’t neglect any details. A clear schedule outlines the necessary tasks at the correct times, removing any guessing games from the equation. 


Failing to create a schedule all but ensures that maintenance will be ad-hoc, while following a set schedule removes much of the human error from the equation. A busy day’s worth of stress won’t cause you to forget your necessary maintenance tasks because you’ll have a schedule to remind you. 


Scheduling your regular maintenance will maximize your efficiency since it eliminates partial measures. Instead of performing 75% of the necessary maintenance (which would help to a degree), you’ll complete 100% (if not 110%) of the required tasks. No stone will be left unturned. 


Due to the consistency and reliability of scheduling maintenance, you’ll optimize your handpiece’s lifespan. You’ll also drastically reduce infection risks and provide patients with the most efficient, effective care. More to the point, you’ll have high-functioning equipment that enables you to work at your best.


How To Ensure Maintenance Stays On Schedule


Setting daily, weekly, and monthly will ensure you’ll perform all the appropriate maintenance when it needs to be done.


  • Daily Tasks

Your daily maintenance tasks should start with flushing each syringe and dental handpiece with water. Then, after your handpiece dries, lubricate it before sterilizing it based on the manufacturer's recommendations. Ensure all nose cones, angles, etc., are lubricated between instances of use. 


Disinfect all equipment you’ve used and flush all water lines attached to your handpiece whenever you’ve finished with a patient. 


Suction cleaning solution should be inside the HVE and saliva injection tubes. 


Be sure to thoroughly clean all of your practice’s delivery unit traps. Also, drain your ultrasonic cleaner and wipe it out entirely. 


Frequently inspect your practice’s infectious waste containers. Clean and replace them whenever necessary.


  • Weekly Tasks

Replace your delivery unit traps once per week. Check and replace the O-ring on your dental handpiece couplers if necessary. 


All dental handpiece gaskets should be checked and replaced if required. Also, be sure to complete a once-weekly biological spore test in your sterilizers. 


Lastly, inspect your office space and practice for potential safety hazards on a weekly basis.


  • Monthly Tasks

Your practice’s plaster-based trap should be checked, cleaned, or replaced once every month. Give your model trimmer a thorough cleaning, too. 


Inspect and clean the screens and cassettes used for panoramas each month. Additionally, you’ll need to test and clean your oxygen units (e.g., nitrous oxide units.)  


Evaluate and clean your master trap once a month and replace it if necessary. All chairs in the patient rooms, the waiting area, and the office area should be cleaned, too. You’ll learn whether patient areas need cleaning by sitting in them.




Keeping records of your handpiece maintenance is vital to caring for your cherished dental instruments.


Benefits Of Keeping Detailed Records


The benefits of a detailed dental handpiece maintenance log far outweigh the potential time it takes to keep it up to date. 


An official log of all repairs and maintenance will inform you of all the necessary work that must be done on your handpiece. It will also let you know when work must be done.


What Should You Include In Your Handpiece Maintenance Log?


Here’s a list of what you should enter into your maintenance log: 

  • Dates of sterilization 
  • When your handpiece was last lubricated and tested 
  • Any relevant information about general repairs and replacement 

Really, you want to log as much information as possible into your maintenance records.


Cleaning And Sterilization


The regular sterilization and cleaning of your dental handpieces is a significant component of successful maintenance. Here’s why:


Importance Of Keeping Handpieces Clean And Sterilized


Clean and sterile handpieces prevent cross-contamination and infection among your patients. 


In fact, experts suggest autoclaving for every patient. In one study, 160 tests (involving two handpiece types with a contaminated prophy angle) saw motor contamination 20% of the time. 


Furthermore, microbes were transmitted to the prophy angle in 47% of the 160 samples when the other motor was contaminated. 


A different study examined 20 patients. In this instance, there was a 75% oral flora contamination rate for the 420 samples taken from low-speed handpieces. 


The numbers tell the story loud and clear–never reuse handpieces before autoclaving.


Avoid These Mistakes When Cleaning And Sterilizing


One mistake dental professionals make when cleaning and sterilizing their handpieces is failing to thoroughly clean them before putting them in the autoclave. 


Plus, dental professionals sometimes remove their handpiece from the autoclave before the instrument is 100% sterilized. You must wait for the process to complete to avoid subjecting your patients to infectious bacteria. 


Another issue arises when dental professionals use cold water to cool their handpiece if it gets too hot. Don’t ever do this! Cold water could cause irreparable damage that calls for a full-on replacement. 


One last handpiece cleaning/sterilization faux-pas is forgetting to thoroughly clean the following components: 

  • Fibre-optic glass 
  • Head 
  • Turbine check 

Failing to clean these areas means the job isn’t complete.


Key Takeaways


Dental handpiece maintenance is straightforward if you follow all the appropriate best-practice directions. That isn’t to say it’s easy. Staying on top of maintenance duties is hard work and requires that you remain accountable. 


Fortunately, with the tips we’ve provided, you have the insights to ensure your dental handpiece maintenance remains focused and frequent.


Final Thoughts About Dental Handpiece Maintenance


You chose a career in dentistry to help people. Through your care and related services, you improve your patients’ quality of life and put smiles on their faces daily. 


While your technical know-how will take you far in providing optimal oral care, it can’t do all the heavy lifting. All dental professionals require their equipment to function at its best to perform procedures with precision and the utmost safety. 


The only way to ensure your equipment–such as your handpieces–performs at its peaks is through dedicated maintenance. 


Sure–maintaining your equipment doesn’t offer the instant gratification of a smiling patient. But it’s a crucial part of a thriving dental practice’s foundation.

Generic Administrator at 8:42 AM
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Maintenance Matters: How Proper Lubrication Makes Your Dental Handpiece Last Longer

Let's talk dental handpiece lubricants! 


Just like your car needs an oil change, your dental handpiece needs a little TLC in order to stay on top of its game. A drop of the right lubricant here and there, and you can say goodbye to excessive noise and vibration and hello to a longer lifespan for your handpiece. 

So don't be stingy with the lubricant—give your handpiece the attention it deserves and save yourself from costly repairs and replacements!


Why Lubrication is Key to a Happy Handpiece


Lubricants serve to reduce friction and wear on the various moving parts within your high or slow speed dental handpiece, such as the bearings, gears, and air turbine. This keeps your handpiece running smoothly and efficiently.  


Lubricating your handpiece also helps to repel dirt and debris, as well as inhibit corrosion, so your handpiece suffers less wear and tear.  


Some of the main components that need lubrication include:

  1. Bearings: Bearings support the rotating shaft within your handpiece. Since bearings are under constant pressure, they must be lubricated regularly to reduce friction and wear.  
  2. Gears: Gears transmit power from the air turbine to the chuck that holds the bur. Like the bearings, gears are constantly under pressure and must be lubricated to prevent them from seizing.  
  3. Air turbine: The air turbine converts compressed air into mechanical energy. The component must also be lubricated to prevent friction and wear. 
  4. O-rings: Rubber O-rings seal the various components to keep out dirt, debris, and moisture. Lubricant helps to extend the lifespan and improve the seal of O-rings.

The cost of handpiece repairs and replacements add up quickly, so investing in preventative maintenance, including regular lubrication, pays off in the long run! 
Remember: each dental handpiece is unique and may have different lubrication specifications from the manufacturer. Always refer to the manufacturer's instructions to ensure that your dental handpiece is lubricated properly.


Signs Your Dental Handpiece Needs Lubrication


The following are some of the most common signs that a dental handpiece needs to be lubricated:

  1. Decreased power: Often a result of increased friction between moving parts, which is a sign that lubrication is needed. 
  2. Increased noise: A high-quality dental handpiece that is properly lubricated should be relatively quiet. More noise could indicate that the bearings, gears, or air turbine need to be lubricated. 
  3. Excess vibration: More vibration than usual often points to increased friction between the handpiece’s bearings or gears, which can be quickly resolved by adding more lubricant. 
  4. Heat: Handpiece lubricant helps reduce frictional heat generated by your handpieces' moving parts. When your handpiece runs hot, it may require lubrication. 
  5. Decreased air flow: decreased air flow or pressure in an air-driven handpiece indicates that its turbine needs lubrication.

Keep an eye out for these signs and lubricate the dental handpiece as soon as they appear. Doing this regularly not only keeps your handpiece operating smoothly and efficiently, but also prolongs its life to save you money!


How to Apply Dental Handpiece Lubricant to Your Handpiece


A few basic tools and the right lubricant are all it takes to properly lubricate a dental handpiece. You can lubricate your dental handpiece by following these steps:


  1. Gather a small brush, a clean cloth, and the lubricant. Be sure to choose a lubricant designed specifically for dental handpieces
  2. Clean the handpiece using the brush and clean cloth. Lubricant will work better if applied to a clean surface. 
  3. Apply lubricant to the air turbine using the correct lube nozzle attached to aerosol lubricant can. 
  4. Run the handpiece to expel any excess lubricant from the turbine and ensure it is running smoothly.

You should lubricate your handpiece before sterilization, not after. A high-quality handpiece lubricant like Sable EZ Lube won't degrade or break down in an autoclave. Lubrication prior to autoclaving has also been shown to increase the longevity of air-turbine handpiece bearings. 


For specific lubrication and maintenance recommendations, please refer to each dental handpiece's instruction manual.


How Using the Right Lubricant Can Make Your Dental Handpiece Last Longer


Cleaning and lubrication are two of the foundations of handpiece maintenance. 


Handpieces should be cleaned after each use (even between sterilizations) in order to prevent cross-contamination. However, since handpiece cleaners often contain abrasives that can get into the mechanism of the handpiece, it is important to follow cleaning with lubrication. 


Using high-quality lubricants specifically designed for dental handpieces has several advantages. Some of the key benefits include:

  1. Increased performance: High-quality lubricants are specifically formulated to reduce friction and wear on the moving parts, resulting in increased power and performance of the handpiece. 
  2. Longer lifespan: High-quality lubricants are formulated to protect the moving parts of the handpiece when exposed to high temperatures, pressure, and debris that cause wear and tear, helping to prolong its lifespan. 
  3. Improved efficiency: High-quality lubricants are specifically formulated to provide maximum lubrication to the moving parts, which helps to improve the efficiency of the handpiece. 
  4. Protection against corrosion: High-quality lubricants also provide protection against corrosion and rust, which can help prolong the life of the handpiece and keep it functioning efficiently. 
  5. Easier to apply and maintain: High-quality lubricants are also designed to be easy to apply and maintain. Sable EZ Lube comes in dropper, spray, and automatic handpiece lubricator refill form to meet the requirements of different types of equipment.

It is imperative that you only use lubricants specifically designed for use with dental handpieces. Products meant for other products, such as automobiles or industrial machinery, may not contain the additives and properties necessary for dental handpieces, and may contain harmful chemicals, abrasives, or other unwanted ingredients. 


How Proper Lubrication Makes Your Dental Handpiece Last Longer


When dental handpieces are not properly lubricated, they perform poorly, generate more noise, and ultimately need to be repaired or replaced sooner than they should.  


To prolong the life of your dental handpiece, be sure to follow manufacturer's recommendations regarding lubrication and lubricate it regularly using a quality dental handpiece lubricant. 


We hope that this article was a helpful refresher on dental handpiece lubrication and how to do it properly. If you have any further questions or concerns about Sable EZ Lube, please do not hesitate to contact us. We will be more than happy to help you get the most out of your handpiece!

Generic Administrator at 12:18 PM
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